However, when the regulation of the activity of the immune system is impaired or under chronic, long-term exposure to pathogenic microorganisms, the described processes go out of control, which leads to excessive proliferation (hypertrophy) of the lymphoid tissue. ([email protected]) It is worth noting that the protective properties of the hypertrophied tonsil are significantly reduced, as a result of which it itself can be colonized by pathogenic microorganisms, that is, become a source of chronic infection.

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